Tanzania has an enormous number of bird species, both resident and migrant and many parks in the country have over 400 species. Mt Kilimanjaro in Northern Tanzania boasts rich birdlife on the lower slopes.
Many birds are spotted in the Ngorongoro Crater area, there are also thousands of Flamingoes to be seen at Lake Magadi. The best time for Flamingo viewing is from January to February. Lake Rukwa in Southern Tanzania is situated on a flood plain, which sees large numbers of various bird species in the wet season.
Rubondo Island National Park has close to 400 bird species, including Fish Eagle, Heron, Stork, Ibises, Cormorant, Martial Eagle, Goliath Heron, sacred Ibis and Kingfisher. The island also serves as a breeding ground and stopover for Fowl from east and Central Africa, Europe, and South America.
Over 400 bird species reside in Ruaha National Park, such as Dickinson's Kestrel, Violet-crested Traco, Pale-billed Hornbill, Racquet-tailed Roller and Eleonora's Falcon.
Eurasian migrant birds flock to Ruaha twice a year - October to November and March to April on their outward journeys to feed with resident Kingfishers, Plovers, Hornbills, green wood Hoopoes, Bee-eaters, Sunbirds and Egrets.
The topography and climate of Tanzania, ensures that the country's plant life is richly diverse. Along the coast, coconuts, casuarinas and mangroves are common.
Along the watercourses of Tanzania, figs, tamarinds and palms add a welcome touch of green to the desicated bush, even at the height of the dry season. Wild flowers do not always grow in great abundance, but there is a wealth of species, and when the rains come, the bush is alive with vitality and colour.
Regions in Tanzania:
Dar es Salaam and the coast is best from mid-May to mid-October. January to March is when the weather can become uncomfortably hot and humid, but the monsoon winds moderate the air, making it more bearable.
The area of the Serengeti and Ngorongoro receive long rains from mid-March to mid-May and to a lesser extent the short rains which causes certain tracks to become difficult. Mid-May to mid-October is generally dry and pleasantly cool in the highlands.
The best times to visit Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia are mid-May to mid-October. January to March can be uncomfortably hot and humid, but monsoon breezes often moderate the air. Rain from March to April, and to a lesser extent November to December can be heavy and frustrating.
Tanzania lies below the equator, therefore the coolest months occur during the northern hemisphere's summer, and all year round the weather remains pleasant and comfortable, which makes for ideal holiday conditions. Between June and October, temperatures range from around 10 degrees Celsius in the northern highlands to about 23 degrees Celsius on the coast.
On the plains and the lower altitude game reserves, the temperatures from June to October are warm and mild. The great weather provides opportunities to spot game and on clear night skies, visitors can star gaze or enjoy romantic evenings in the bush.